Permitted Uses

Users may access, search, browse, view the products, print, make electronic copies of and store for the exclusive use of such user individual items from the products.

Users may incorporate links to the products on the subscriber’s intranet and internet websites and in electronic course packs, reserves and course management systems and instructor websites, provided that the appearance of such links and/or statements accompanying such links shall be changed if requested by Elsevier.

Users may provide print or electronic copies of individual items from the products to other authorized users and to third-party colleagues for their scholarly or research use; and access, search, browse, view, print, make electronic copies and store for the exclusive use of such authorized users.


Users may not:

Abridge, modify, translate, or create any derivative work based on the products, except to the extent necessary to make them perceptible on a computer screen to authorized users;

Remove obscure or modify in any way any copyright notices, other notices or disclaimers as they appear in the products;

Use any robots, spiders, crawlers, or other automated downloading programs, algorithms, or devices to continuously and automatically search, scrape, extract, deep link, index or disrupt the working of the products;

Substantially or systematically reproduce, retain or redistribute the products.